COVID-19 PANDEMIC: CHALLENGES AND THREATS IN THE SOCIAL SPHERE

stmm. 2021 (2): 94-104

DOI 10.15407/sociology2021.02.094

GULBARSHYN CHEPURKO, Doctor of Sciences in Sociology, Head of the Department of Social Expertise, Institute of Sociology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (12, Shovkovychna St., Kyiv, 01021)

gichepurko@ukr.net

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7540-5174

The article raises the issue of social risks of the COVID-19 pandemic in three problem areas: health, education, support for the most vulnerable population groups, analyzes the impact of the pandemic on the interaction of government and society. In this case, social risk is seen as a danger that arises within the social sphere of society, which has negative social consequences and affects the lives of individuals, social groups and society as a whole. The current situation has shown that the medical and science systems of Ukraine are not ready for a large-scale pandemic. The author notes that after the end of the pandemic, a serious analysis of the problems that have arisen in the field of health care and the development of strategic measures to support the national health care system, medical institutions and health workers will be needed. The article analyzes the impact of the pandemic on the usual lifestyles of pupils / students, their families and teachers, which led to far-reaching economic and social consequences, emphasized on a number of socio-economic issues, including: - equal access to education (not all families can provide the same means for distance learning and have access to quality Internet). Pandemic allowed focusing on those people who especially need help: the elderly people, people with disabilities, members of large families and others. A large number of problems in the social sphere, which arose or deepened during the quarantine and did not receive a proper response from the state, are largely related to systemic problems. The article raises emphasizes on the fact that the attention of the state needs to be focused on structural problems. The state has to respond to the challenges in a timely manner, develop integrated approaches and solutions that will work in the long term perspective.

Keywords: social risks, pandemic, health care, education, vulnerable groups

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Received 09.04.2021