Modernisation of Ukrainian society: The current state, challenges and prospects from experts’ standpoint

stmm. 2020 (1): 41-65

UDC 316.722

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/sociology2020.01.041

Gulbarshyn Chepurko - Doctor of Sciences in Sociology, Head of the Department of SocialExpertise, Institute of Sociology, National Academy of Sciences ofUkraine (Kyiv).

ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7540-5174

Abstract. The paper provides a deeper understanding of the modernisation-driven processes taking place in Ukraine nowadays. Answers to the following questions have been analysed: a) What is the impact of these processes on the economic, political and socio-cultural domains of Ukrainian society? b) How well are different areas / aspects of social life in this country modernised so far? c) How significant is the contribution of different power structures and social institutions to modernisation in Ukraine? d) What seems to impede this process the most? The data of an expert survey conducted by the Institute of Sociology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (May–June 2019) constituted the empirical basis for the analysis. The survey participants were also asked to reflect on a country (-ies) whose experience in implementing modernisation-oriented reforms Ukraine might draw upon. The author notes that transformation processes occurring in our country often do not follow a consistent pattern. What will be the goal / tasks of necessary change remains an open question. Finally, it is suggested that the attribute of modernisation should be defined as a successful transformation facilitating progressive development.

The main problems in the process of modernization are corruption, the unwillingness of the majority of the population to modernize, the inability of political forces to initiate this process, lack of understanding of the need for integrated implementation of these reforms, taking into account all spheres of public life. A very important issue of modernization is establishing a constructive dialogue between the authorities and the society, and between individual social groups and layers. These problems should be the object of scientific research to reflect on ways of developing the national economy in the long run.

Keywords: modernisation of society, economic modernisation, political modernisation, social modernisation, cultural modernisation, corruption, paternalism.

Publication in: ukr | rus

References

Alimarin, S.I. (2003). Social evolution and ideology. MLO (Moscow Literature Organization), 1. [In Russian]. Retrieved from: https://nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=-21892. [= Алимарин 2003]

Bogomolov, O.T. (2012). Socio-Humanitarian Aspects of Modernization in Russia. [In Russian]. Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 82 (1). [= Богомолов 2012]

Concetps, causes, consequences and legal basis of preventing corruption (2016). Handbook of Anti-Corruption Policy in Ukraine. National Academy of Internal Affairs. [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from: https://arm.naiau.kiev.ua/books/atikoruption / lectures / lecture_1.html. [= Концепти 2016]

Human Development Report - 2010 (2010). The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development. UNDP.

Gorbatenko, V. (1999). Society Modernization Strategy: Ukraine and the World at the Turn of Millennium. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Academia Publishing Center. [= Горбатенко 1999]

Kavtysh, O.P. (2013). Modernization of Ukrainian Economy: Theory and Practice in Reforms Implementation. [In Ukrainian]. Effective Economy, 1. Retrieved from: http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=1737. [= Кавтиш 2013]

Klymenko, K.V. (2015). Topical problems of modernization in Ukrainian financial system. Effective Economy, 7. [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from: http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/?Op=1&z=4190. [= Клименко 2015]

Kravchenko, M. (2013). Main directions of modernization of state policy in the field of social protection of Ukrainian population. Bulletin of the National Academy of Public Administration. [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from: http://visnyk.academy.gov.ua/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/2011-4-33. [= Кравченко 2013]

Libanova, E.M. (2011). Economy modernization in context of social challenges. [In Ukrainian]. Demography and Social Economy, 1, 24-38. https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2011.01.024 [= Лібанова 2011]

Libanova, E.M. (2012). Social Problems of Modernization of the Ukrainian Economy. [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from: https://dse.org.ua/arhcive/17/1. [= Лібанова 2012].

Modernization of Public Sector of Economy in Context of Global Change (2009). A.F. Melnyk (Ed.). [In Ukrainian]. Ternopil: TNEU. Economics Thought. [= Модернізація 2009]

Mykhnenko, A.M., Makarenko, E.M., Makarenko, N.H. (2011). Institutionalization of Social Development. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: NADU. [= Михненко, Макаренко, Макаренко 2011].

National Science in Sociological Aspect (2017). T. Petrushyna (Ed.). [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Institute of Sociology, NASU. [= Вітчизняна наука 2017]

Nedbay, V.V. (2009). Modern Political Communications: Media-Technological Aspect. [In Ukrainian]. Odesa: Astroprint. [= Недбай 2009]

Pekar, V. (2016). Jubilee. What is happening and why it is so slow. Ukrainska Pravda. [In Russian]. Retrieved from: https://www.pravda.com.ua/eng/articles/2016/08/25/7118662/. [= Пекарь 2016]

Pekar, V. (2018). How Ukraine Can Become Modern and What About its Values. ZBRUZ. [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from: https: //zbruc.eu/node/77050. [= 2018]

Semchenko, O.A. (2016). Political Modernization as a Factor of State Image Policy. [In Ukrainian] Retrieved from: http://dspace.onua.edu.ua/bitstream/handle/11300/2921/Semchenko. [= Семченко 2016]

Vashchenko, K.O., Korniyenko, V.O. (2011). Political Science for Teacher. [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from: https://web.posibnyky.vntu.edu.ua/fmib/13vashenko_politologiya_dlya_vchitelya/183.htm. [= Ващенко, Корнієнко 2011]